What was the impact of China’s withdrawal from the Indian Ocean?

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect China?

It would permit the Chinese to explore new areas and expand commercial and diplomatic relations. The grandeur of the fleet would dramatize the superior majesty and power of the Ming empire to peoples of distant lands, causing states of South and Southeast Asia to be incorporated into the tribute system.

Why is the Indian Ocean important to China?

The Indian Ocean is important to China also because Chinese trade and energy resources transit this route. So, it is natural that China might want to protect these SLOCs, but an expanded naval presence will also be a direct threat to India.

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Why did China stop trading in the Indian Ocean?

Ming Reasoning

His son, the Hongxi Emperor, was much more conservative and Confucianist in his thought, so he ordered the voyages stopped. (There was one last voyage under Yongle’s grandson, Xuande, in 1430-33.) In addition to political motivation, the new emperor had financial motivation.

What were the effects of the Indian Ocean trade network?

As merchants moved throughout the Indian Ocean network, they established diaspora communities (communities of immigrants living away from their homeland). Through these diaspora communities, merchants introduced their cultural traditions into local indigenous cultures.

Did the Chinese trade in the Indian Ocean?

China’s expansion in the Indian Ocean calls for European engagement. The Indian Ocean is a critical link in global trade routes, with 80 percent of global seaborne trade passing through it. … Eighty percent of China’s oil imports come through the Malacca Strait, the Indian Ocean’s busiest “chokepoint”.

What was Ming China’s impact on global trade?


By 1557, the tribute system was replaced by maritime trade which saw China exporting silk and allowing a European presence in the empire. This was a time of expansion of cuisine, as food like sweet potatoes and peanuts entered China for the first time.

What is the main importance of the Indian Ocean?

The India Ocean remains a pivot, being the world’s busiest trade route. Around 80 percent of the world’s maritime oil trade passes through the IOR. The rise of China across the maritime region has compelled nations (including India) to reshape their maritime strategies.

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Why was the Indian Ocean trade important?

The Indian Ocean is home to major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. These vital sea routes (i) facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean region, (ii) carry more than half of the world’s sea-borne oil,3 and (iii) host 23 of the world’s top 100 container ports.

What does China want in the Indian Ocean?

These objectives are: 1) conduct non-combat activities focused on protecting Chinese citizens and investments, and bolstering China’s soft power influence; 2) undertake counterterrorism activities, unilaterally or with partners, against organizations that threaten China; 3) collect intelligence in support of …

How was China affected by thriving trade during the Yuan Dynasty?

How were merchants in China affected by thriving trade during the Yuan dynasty? Merchants were respected and trade along the Silk Road flourished; goods such as medicine, perfume, and ivory were brought to China.

How did trade in the Indian Ocean lead to political change?

Trade stimulated political change as ambitious rulers use well derived from commerce to construct larger and more centrally governed states or cities; experienced cultural change as local people were attracted to foreign religious ideas from Hindu, Buddhist, or Islamic sources.

What country provides China access to the Indian Ocean?

China has been building infrastructure projects in Sri Lanka and Myanmar — countries that provide access to the Indian Ocean, the vital sea lanes that ferry Beijing’s oil imports and carry its exports to the Africa, Middle East and Europe.

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What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean trade took off and was so popular?

What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean Trade took off and was so popular? They were seasonal and consistent. Monsoons would help carry ships from Africa to India between April and September. They carried ships back from November to February.

What were the causes and effects of the growth of networks of exchange after 1200 and how did environmental knowledge support that expansion?

Explain the causes of the growth of networks of exchange after 1200. Improved transportation technologies and commercial practices led to an increased volume of trade and expanded the geographical range of existing trade routes, including the Indian Ocean, promoting the growth of powerful new trading cities.

What effect did the Portuguese have on Indian Ocean trade?

In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.