The Portuguese triumphed in the 16th century in Asia because of their superior naval and military technology combined with seemingly boundless aggression and a propensity for cruelty and violence. Without a doubt, the Indian Ocean was not exactly a peaceful region prior to the arrival of the Portuguese.
Why did the Portuguese dominate the Indian Ocean?
The aim of Portugal in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.
How did Portugal come to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean in the 16th century?
Portugal’s maritime routes in the 16th century
Thanks to their skills in long-distance navigation and their network of trading posts, the Portuguese took over trading routes linking the Persian Gulf, the African coast and the Western coast of India which were previously controlled by Arab intermediaries.
How the Portuguese gained access to trade in the Indian Ocean?
In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.
What factors facilitated the Portuguese entry into the Indian Ocean trade?
-Desired direct access to spices and luxuries of the Indian Ocean (salt, gold, slaves), Portuguese participation in north African trade in gold, salt, slaves, and other products, sugar was being grown exploiting natives to disease so they needed more slaves, Reconquista.
What effect did the Portuguese have on Indian Ocean trade quizlet?
They had the armor and artillery to do so. What effect did the Portuguese have on Indian Ocean trade? The Portuguese found a way around Africa to get to the Indian Ocean.
How did Portuguese trade in India?
Portuguese trade with India had been a crown monopoly since the Portuguese captain Vasco da Gama opened the sea route to India in 1497–1499. The monopoly had been managed by the Casa da Índia, the royal trading house founded around 1500, it is a first to start a joint stock company to trade in india.
What did the Portuguese trade?
The main Portuguese goal was trade, not colonization or conquest. Soon its ships were bringing into the European market highly valued gold, ivory, pepper, cotton, sugar, and slaves. The slave trade, for example, was conducted by a few dozen merchants in Lisbon.
Why were the Portuguese so successful in their explorations?
Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal took the principal role during most of the fifteenth century in searching for a route to Asia by sailing south around Africa. In the process, the Portuguese accumulated a wealth of knowledge about navigation and the geography of the Atlantic Ocean.
How did the Portuguese establish footholds and trade on Africa’s coasts?
How did the Portuguese establish footholds and trade on Africa’s coasts? They established forts and trading posts on the coast and seized key ports around the Indian Ocean. In 1492, Christopher Columbus set sail westward across the Atlantic Ocean to solve a problem of geography.
What did the Portuguese do in India?
For almost a century (1500–1600), the Portuguese held a monopoly on European exploration and trade in the Indian Ocean. Portuguese interests on the west coast of India were largely determined by sailing conditions, and in Goa they found a defensible island site with excellent harbour facilities on either side.
What were the reasons for the supremacy of the Portuguese in India during the 16th century?
Answer: In India, Portugal established her trading settlements at Cochin, Goa, Diu, and Daman. From the beginning, the Portuguese combined the use of force with trade and they were helped by the superiority of their armed ships which enabled them to dominate the seas.
How did Portugal impact the Indian Ocean trade in the 16th and 17th centuries?
“The Portuguese transformed maritime trade in Indian Ocean in the sixteenth century by taxing non-Portuguese ships that traded in the region.” (Responds to the prompt with a minimally acceptable claim that establishes a line of reasoning.)
How did Europe first enter Indian Ocean trade?
Europe Intrudes on the Indian Ocean Trade
Portuguese sailors under Vasco da Gama (~1460–1524) rounded the southern point of Africa and ventured into new seas. … As a result, the Portuguese entered the Indian Ocean trade as pirates rather than traders.
What changes and continuities were associated with Portuguese and Dutch involvement in the Indian Ocean trade?
What changes and continuities were associated with Portuguese and Dutch involvement in the Indian Ocean trade? The Portuguese and Dutch controlled strategic island and coastal locations. … than the earlier Portuguese activity. -Indian textiles, Chinese porcelain, and Southeast Asian spices, were now carried to Europe.