What is the official language of Indian Constitution?

(1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.

What is the official language of India as per Constitution?

Hindi in Devanagari script is the official language of the Union . The form of numerals to be used for official purposes of the Union is the international form of Indian numerals {Article 343 (1) of the Constitution }. In addition to Hindi language English language may also be used for official purposes.

Is there any official language in India?

There is no national language in India. However, article 343(1) of the Indian constitution specifically mentions that, “The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. … States can specify their own official language(s) through legislation.

Is English India’s official language?

India has two national languages: English and Hindi. There are also 22 other officially recognized languages that are used by sections of the population, including Bengali, Punjabi, and Urdu. However, just because English is an official language doesn’t mean you can expect everyone you meet in the country to speak it.

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What is the official language of India UPSC?

The UPSC Indian Polity and Governance Syllabus includes the Official Language which is discussed in this article. Article 343 of Indian Constitution states The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.

What are the 22 official languages in India?

1) Assamese, (2) Bengali, (3) Gujarati, (4) Hindi, (5) Kannada, (6) Kashmiri, (7) Konkani, (8) Malayalam, (9) Manipuri, (10) Marathi, (11) Nepali, (12) Oriya, (13) Punjabi, (14) Sanskrit, (15) Sindhi, (16) Tamil, (17) Telugu, (18) Urdu (19) Bodo, (20) Santhali, (21) Maithili and (22) Dogri.

How many official languages does India have?

So how many Indian languages are there? While India has 22 separate official languages , it is home to a total of 121 languages and 270 mother tongues.

Which country has no official language?

Some countries, such as the United States, have no official national language but do have areas where an official language has been adopted. Still other countries have no official languages at all. These include Australia, Eritrea, Luxembourg, Sweden and Tuvalu.

When was Tamil found?

The earliest Tamil writing is attested in inscriptions and potsherds from the 5th century bce. Three periods have been distinguished through analyses of grammatical and lexical changes: Old Tamil (from about 450 bce to 700 ce), Middle Tamil (700–1600), and Modern Tamil (from 1600).

Why India has no national language?

As per the Constitution of India, there is no National Language of India. After independence, the Constitution makers had a problem of selecting a national language which can unite a country because there were more than 1,600 languages spoken in different parts of the country.

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Who introduced English as official language?

Detailed Solution. English was made the official language of India in the year 1835. It was done during the tenure of William Bentinck (1828-1835) as the Governor-General of India. It was based on suggestions by Thomas Babington Macaulay in his “Minute on Indian Education” in the year 1835.

Is Sanskrit a written language?

Sanskrit does not have an attested native script: from around the turn of the 1st-millennium CE, it has been written in various Brahmic scripts, and in the modern era most commonly in Devanagari.

Sanskrit
Early form Vedic Sanskrit

What are the 5 main languages in India?

Let us find out the most spoken languages and speakers in the country as per 2011 Census.

  1. Hindi – 52.83 crore speakers. …
  2. Bengali – 9.72 crore speakers. …
  3. Marathi – 8.30 crore speakers. …
  4. Telugu – 8.11 crore speakers. …
  5. Tamil – 6.90 crore speakers. …
  6. Gujarati – 5.54 crore speakers. …
  7. Urdu – 5.07 crore speakers.

What is our mother language?

Mother tongue is defined as the first language that a person learns and the language used in that person’s home country. An example of mother tongue is English for someone born in America. The language one first learned; the language one grew up with; one’s native language.

What is a main language?

An official language is a language given a special status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction. … English is the most common official language, with recognized status in 51 countries. Arabic, French, and Spanish are also widely recognized.

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