The partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan. The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India, and the Dominion of Pakistan is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Why was India was partitioned in 1947?
Crudely, this was a division based upon religious affiliation, with the creation of a Muslim majority in West and East Pakistan and a Hindu majority in India. Between 500,000 and 2 million souls perished as a result of the ensuing upheaval and violence.
What were the reasons for Partition of India?
The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country. The main spokesman for the partition was Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He became the first Governor-General of Pakistan.
What was India divided into 1947?
In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
What was the impact of partitioning India in 1947?
The Partition of India had a huge impact on millions of people living in India in the 1940s. In August 1947, British India won its independence from the British and split into two new states that would rule themselves. This forced millions of people to leave their homes to move to the other state.
Who was responsible for the partition of India in 1947?
Markandey Katju views the British as bearing responsibility for the partition of India; he regards Jinnah as a British agent who advocated for the creation of Pakistan in order “to satisfy his ambition to become the ‘Quaid-e-Azam’, regardless of the suffering his actions caused to both Hindus and Muslims.” Katju …
What was happening in 1947?
The United Nations votes in favor of the creation of an Independent Jewish State of Israel. India and Pakistan gain independence from Great Britain. Jackie Robinson took to the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers becoming the first African-American to play in Major League Baseball. Bell Laboratories invents the transistor.
What partition means?
1 : the action of parting : the state of being parted : division the partition of Korea into North and South Korea. 2 : something that divides especially : an interior dividing wall The bank teller sat behind a glass partition. 3 : one of the parts or sections of a whole The estate was divided into three partitions.
What was India before 1947?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
How did partition happen?
It occurred when India became independent from the British Empire and the territory was broken into India and Pakistan. … Muslim-majority East Bengal initially formed part of Pakistan but later became Bangladesh. It was decided that India needed to be separated because it had ended up as a massive, sprawling empire.
What is legacy of partition?
In 1947, after centuries in India, Britain left, and the subcontinent was partitioned. The Hindu majority state of India, and Muslim majority Pakistan, were created. But partition also triggered a huge and violent mass migration. More than a million people died. The trauma and legacy of this event lives on today.
What are the main causes of partition?
5 important causes for the partition of India
- Ever rising religious hostilities between Hindus and Muslims:
- Provincial Elections (1937):
- Compromise attempts failed:
- Violence broke out in August 1946:
- Mountbatten decides on partition:
How did the partition affect India?
The partition created the independent nations of Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India, separating the provinces of Bengal and Punjab along religious lines, despite the fact that Muslims and Hindus lived in mixed communities throughout the area, Satia said.
What happened as a result of the partition of India?
Partition triggered riots, mass casualties, and a colossal wave of migration. Millions of people moved to what they hoped would be safer territory, with Muslims heading towards Pakistan, and Hindus and Sikhs in the direction of India. … Estimates of the death toll post-Partition range from 200,000 to two million.